Liposuction will improve body shape by removing exercise-resistant fat deposits with a tube and vacuum device. It is performed using the tumescent technique, in which targeted fat cells are infused with saline containing solution with a local anesthetic before liposuction to reduce post-operative bruising and swelling. Common locations for liposuction include chin, cheeks, neck, upper arms, above breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves, and ankles.
The procedure lasts 1 to 2 hours or more on an outpatient basis. Side effects include temporary bruising, swelling, numbness, soreness and a burning sensation. Risks are rare but can cause asymmetry, rippling or bagginess of skin, pigmentation changes, skin injury, fluid retention, excessive fluid loss leading to shock or infection.
Patients can return to work after 1 to 2 weeks (2 to 4 weeks for more strenuous activity). Full recovery from swelling and bruising occur in 3 to 6 months, possibly more. The use of tumescent technique may decrease post-operative bruising and swelling. Results will be permanent, with sensible diet and exercise.