Facial Procedures

 

 

 

 

If You’re Considering Facial Surgery…

Plastic surgeons use facial implants to improve and enhance facial
contours. Frequently, these implants will help provide a more harmonious balance to your face and features so that you feel better about the way you look.

There are many implants available, manufactured from a variety of materials. They may help strengthen a jawline or bring the chin or cheekbones into balance with the rest of the face.

This brochure describes some of the facial implants currently
available as well as the techniques for their use. It will familiarize
you with these procedures but cannot provide all the details which may
be relevant to your particular needs.

If you feel that one or more of the procedures described in this
brochure may be of benefit, be sure to ask your plastic surgeon for more
information.

What to Expect From a Facial Implant

Facial implants can enhance your appearance and bolster your self
esteem. If you are looking for improvement, not perfection, in your
appearance and are realistic in your expectations, you may find that a
facial implant is the right choice for you.

Plastic surgeons will frequently use such implants to bring better
balance to the features of a younger patient. For instance, a teenage
girl may want her nose reshaped or her chin brought forward so that
these traits are better proportioned. The more mature patient may choose
to have an implant placed in conjunction with another cosmetic
procedure. For example, during a facelift, a patient may wish to have
implants placed over the cheekbones to help restore a more youthful
appearance. Implants may also be selected to fill out a face that
appears “sunken” or tired.

All Surgery Carries Some Uncertainty and Risk

Facial implants can produce some remarkable changes. Problems rarely
occur, but you need to be informed about such possibilities. This
brochure will touch upon a few, but is not intended to provide a
detailed or complete inventory of potential risks.

A facial implant can shift slightly out of alignment and a second
operation my be necessary to replace it in its proper position.
Infection can occur with any operation. If infection were to occur
around a facial implant and did not clear up after treatment with
antibiotics, the implant might have to be temporarily removed and
replaced at a later time. Other, less-frequent risks may be associated
with certain implants. Be sure to ask your plastic surgeon for a
description of the risks associated with the procedure in which you are
interested.

Some of the implant materials are made of a solid silicone.
Currently, there is no scientific evidence that this is a harmful
substance. Your plastic surgeon will be happy to discuss any current
scientific findings concerning the type of implant you’re considering.

Planning Your Surgery

When you discuss your surgery with your plastic surgeon, be certain
that you clearly express your expectations. Your plastic surgeon will
help you determine what it is possible to achieve. It may be helpful to
provide your surgeon with photos of people who have facial features
similar to those you would like to have.

Be sure you understand the details of the proposed surgery, including
the cost and what to expect during your recovery.

If the surgery will entail an incision inside your mouth, it is
important that you inform your physician if you smoke or if you have any
dental or gum problems. Your plastic surgeon will advise you on these
matters.

In preparing for your surgery, be sure to find out if you’ll be able
to drive home afterward or will require transportation. You should also
ask if you’ll need to refrain from eating or drinking the night before
your surgery, and if you should stop taking any medications, including
aspirin and similar drugs. You may be instructed to take oral
antibiotics both before and after the procedure to help guard against
infection.

Your plastic surgeon will provide information about these important
matters during your pre-operative consultation.

Where Your Surgery Will Be Performed

Your operation may take place in an office-based facility, a
freestanding surgical center or a hospital outpatient facility.
Sometimes, your plastic surgeon may require that you stay overnight.
Your doctor will make such a recommendation based on your overall
medical condition and whether another cosmetic procedure was
performed simultaneously with the facial implant surgery.

Types of Anesthesia

In some cases, facial implant surgery may require only local
anesthesia combined with a sedative. However, more frequently,
a general anesthesia may be recommended.

Chin Surgery

Insertion of a chin implant may take anywhere from 30 minutes to an
hour. During the procedure, the surgeon selects the proper size and
shape implant to enhance your appearance and inserts it into a pocket
over the front of the jawbone. The small incision to create the pocket
and insert the implant is placed inside the mouth (along the lower lip)
or in the skin just under the chin area.

Usually, the chin is taped after surgery to minimize swelling and
discomfort. Sutures in the skin will be removed in five to seven days.
If an intra-oral incision is used, the sutures will dissolve.

Recovering from Chin Surgery

You will experience some discomfort and swelling in the affected area
for several days. It’s normal to experience some temporary difficulty
with smiling and talking. Black and blue marks may be visible around
the chin and neck. Your plastic surgeon will instruct you about dental
hygiene, eating and any restrictions to your activities after surgery.

Cheek Surgery

Cheek implant surgery usually takes about 30 to 45 minutes. When
cheek implants are being placed in conjunction with another cosmetic
procedure, such as a facelift, forehead lift or eyelid surgery, the
implants may be inserted through the incisions made for those
procedures. Otherwise, an incision will be made either inside your upper
lip or your lower eyelid. A pocket is then formed and an implant is
inserted.

After surgery, a dressing will be applied to minimize discomfort and
swelling. The severity and duration of such side effects may vary,
especially if another cosmetic procedure was performed at the same time.

Recovering from Cheek Surgery

Your plastic surgeon will provide you with instructions about
post-operative care. There will be dietary restrictions as well as
limitations to your activities. Again, these instructions will vary,
especially if another procedure was performed along with your implant
surgery. However, you should be aware that your ability to move your
mouth and lips may be diminished temporarily. Stitches used to close the
incisions inside your mouth usually dissolve within about 10 days.

Lower-Jaw Surgery

Insertion of a jaw implant usually takes about one to two hours.
Internal incisions are made on either side of the lower lip to provide
access for creating a pocket into which the lower-jaw implant can be
inserted. Dissolving sutures are used to close the incisions.

Recovering from Jaw Surgery

Swelling is sometimes significant immediately following surgery,
usually peaking 24 to 48 hours afterward. Although most of the
significant swelling will subside over a period of several days,
prolonged mild swelling may prevent your final facial contour from
becoming apparent for several months.

During the healing phase, your activities and diet will be
restricted. Your ability to smile, talk or move your mouth in any way
may be limited for several days to weeks following surgery. Your plastic
surgeon will instruct you about dental and oral hygiene during your
recovery.

Getting Back to Normal

Remember, with any facial surgery, you may feel and look better in a
short period of time. However, it may not be advisable to participate in
certain activities — especially activity that may result in the face
being jarred or bumped — for several weeks. It’s best to check with
your plastic surgeon about such matters.

Your New Look

You may not be able to accurately evaluate your appearance for weeks,
or perhaps even months. Give yourself plenty of time to get used to
your new look.

You may be surprised to find that most people won’t recognize that
you’ve had facial implant surgery — only that you look better.